About 30% of the time, the root cause of infertility rests with the male partner and is typically an issue of azoospermia (lack of sperm), poor sperm morphology (shape), low sperm motility (movement) or all of the above. Anatomical issues and endocrine disorders are also part of the male infertility story.
If you’re a man and worried about your fertility step one is a fertility evaluation starting with your health history and a semen analysis. A male fertility work up is just a critical as one for a female.
Questions about the frequency of intercourse, problems with erection or ejaculation, childhood illness and development, previous surgery, history of infections, and exposure to certain medications, toxins, and tobacco use are important.
The most important parameters to review include the semen volume, sperm concentration, sperm motility and sperm morphology. If any abnormalities are seen in the semen analysis, either a repeated semen analysis (to confirm the abnormal findings) or a referral to a Reproductive Urologist for consultation will be recommended.